¿Qué es el arbitraje?
El arbitraje es un método para resolver disputas sin acudir a los tribunales. A veces, un abogado recomendará el arbitraje a un cliente como el mejor medio para resolver un reclamo. En este post, vamos a desglosar las ventajas y desventajas.
En arbitraje, the dispute is submitted to a third party (the arbitrator) who resolves the dispute after hearing a presentation by both parties. The presentation may simply be documents submitted by each side. More often, in addition to the documents submitted, each side will make an oral argument in person. Usually, each side will have an attorney to make the oral argument for them. Occasionally the presentation also includes witnesses who testify.
Las ventajas del arbitraje
There are numerous advantages to arbitration, such as:
- The parties usually agree on the arbitrator, so that both sides have confidence that the proceedings will be impartial.
- Disputes are often resolved sooner because, in Virginia, a trial date takes about twelve months from the date the lawsuit is filed.
- Arbitration is often less expensive than expert witnesses for trial. Plus, the parties usually split the arbitrator’s fee, which customarily costs less than preparing for trial.
- Arbitration is essentially a private procedure, so if the parties desire privacy, the details will be kept confidential.
- Very limited opportunity for appeals means that the arbitration will be the end of the dispute, providing finality.
Las desventajas del arbitraje.
Sin embargo, también existen algunas desventajas en el arbitraje como método de resolviendo una disputa.
- Both sides give up their right to an appeal, which means one party could end up feeling slighted.
- If the matter is complicated but the amount of money involved is modest, the arbitrator’s fee may make arbitration uneconomical.
- Strict court rules may prevent some evidence from being considered by a judge or a jury, but an arbitrator may consider that evidence.
- If certain information from a witness is presented, there is still ninguna oportunidad de contrainterrogar el testimonio de ese testigo.
- El descubrimiento puede ser más limitado con el arbitraje. In litigation, discovery is the process of requiring the opposing party to provide certain information.
- Mandatory arbitration allows one party to force the other party to use arbitration. In situations where the arbitrator is reliant on one party for repeat business, then the potential for abuse is present and the advantage of impartiality is lost.
- Los estándares utilizados por un árbitro no son claros, because at times, arbitrators may consider the “apparent fairness” of the respective parties’ positions instead of strictly following the law. This would result in a less favorable outcome for the party who is favored by a strict reading of the law.
The latter issue has been present since antiquity (Aristóteles said ” an arbitrator goes by the equity of a case, a judge by the law, and arbitration was invented with the express purpose of securing full power for equity.”), and yet this consideration is often overlooked in evaluating the applicability of arbitration.
En suma, El arbitraje es una herramienta muy útil para resolver disputas., pero se debe considerar cuidadosamente si es aplicable o preferible en una disputa en particular. Su abogado le asesorará si es apropiado en su caso.