Motorcycle accidents: 5 tips to avoid the dreaded rear-end collision | Allen and Allen

Motorcycle accidents: 5 tips to avoid the dreaded rear-end collision

The sense of freedom and adventure from motorcycle riding is virtually unrivalled.  The feeling of the open air and views unobstructed by the “cage” of an automobile draws millions of Americans to saddle up and ride every year.  As a motorcyclist, I appreciate such well known phrases as “four wheels move the body, two wheels move the soul” and “only a biker knows why a dog sticks his head out of a car window.”

As an attorney representing motorcyclists who have been severely injured in accidents, I also appreciate the risks involved in riding a motorcycle and the extent of the injuries suffered by motorcyclists involved in collisions. Because there is no “cage,” injuries suffered by motorcyclists can be catastrophic and often fatal.  It is imperative for motorcyclists to avoid accidents at all costs and to wear proper protective gear at all times.

Even the most careful motorcyclists can fall victim to the dreaded rear end accident. The scenario is common: the biker was sitting at the light (or waiting to make a turn turn) and “out of nowhere” a car plowed into the back of them.  In a world of ever-increasing distracted driving, motorcyclists need to be more aware than ever of vehicles approaching from the rear and take every precaution to avoid being hit from behind.  I offer the following suggestions based on my experience riding and representing motorcyclists who have been rear-ended:

  • Use Two Functional Rear View Mirrors:  Virginia law only requires the use of one rear view mirror.[1]  In addition, motorcyclists often choose mirrors or their locations based on aesthetics.  Using two fully functional and properly located rear view mirrors is the only way to ensure that you are able to see what is happening behind you on a motorcycle.  You might just buy yourself enough time to avoid a rear end collision.
  • Be Prepared:  While riding a motorcycle you should always be aware of what is happening behind you.  If a vehicle is approaching from the rear and does not appear to be slowing, act quickly and safely to get out of the way.
  • Loud Pipes Save Lives:  This is a common saying among bikers and it can certainly be true.  An approaching driver is much more likely to know that a motorcyclist is in front of them if they can hear the motorcycle.  While Virginia law does require the use of operational mufflers to prevent “excessive or unusual levels of noise”, there is no set decibel level. [2] The louder your pipes, the easier you are to detect.  
  • Don’t Wear Ear Plugs in Traffic:  Ear plugs certainly have their uses, particularly on the open road.  While riding a motorcycle in traffic, earplugs may make it impossible to hear approaching vehicles, horns or screeching tires. These sounds can alert you to an impending rear end collision.
  • Use Brighter Tail and Brake Lights:  Virginia law requires that every motorcycle be equipped with at least one brake light and one tail light and that the tail light be visible “from a distance of 500 feet to the rear or such vehicle”.[3]  In order to achieve this type of visibility with normal lights, many tail light housings are rather large.  In an effort to have less obtrusive tail lights, many motorcyclists look to after market tail lights.  However, if equipped with normal bulbs, these lights often do not appear to be as visible as the larger stock tail lights.  LED lights may be a better option in this case, as they provide more illumination while minimizing size.

While rear end accidents can’t be avoided all together, a motorcyclist can greatly reduce the risk of being hit from behind by staying as aware of what is happening behind them as they are with what is happening ahead. Because of the potential for severe injuries, it is incredibly important that motorcyclists remain visible, audible and aware at all times.  Ride On!

[1] See Va. Code Ann. § 46.2-1082

[2] See Va. Code Ann. §§ 46.2-1049 and 1050

[3] See Va. Code Ann. § 46.2-1012.